Great Astronomical Events Revisited http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/ Great Astronomical Events Revisited 25Years Ago! 1987.04.06. Supernova 1987A & The Tarantula Nebula, NGC 2070 in the Large Magellanic Cloud. This photo was taken through the 30cm f/7 Newtonian at the Manawatu Observatory on gas hypersensitized Fujichrome D-100 slide film in a 30 minute exposure by Noel Munford & Ian Cooper. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153614076 153614076 Aurora Australis Oct 1981 1981.10.20. Taken from the Manawatu Observatory by Noel Munford & Basil Nikolau. This was near the peak of Sun Spot Cycle 21 (SSC 21). The trees are now gone but the power pole is still there. 2 minute exposure on Fuji 200 with a 28mm lens @ f/2.8. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153617926 153617926 Halley's Comet 1986.03.07. Taken by Noel Munford through the 30cm f/7 Newtonian at the Manawatu Observatory. 10 minute exposure on Agfa 1000 film. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153641127 153641127 Comet Halley, March 1986 1986.03.18. Halley's Comet rising before dawn with the star clouds of sagittarius above it. The comet was magnitude 3 witha naked-eye tail of 7 degrees, while the camera revealed 18 degrees. 15 minute exposure on Agfa 1000 film, 50 mm lense @ f/2.8 taken on the Astrograph at Kopane Observatory (now defunct) by Ian Cooper. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153614290 153614290 Aurora Australis August 1991 1991.08.02. Auroral sub storm taken from Glen Oroua by Ian Cooper. This was one of the few displays I was able to capture during the paek of Sun Spot Cycle 22 (SSC 22). 1 minute exposure on Fuji 200 film, 50mm lens @ f/1.4. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153615986 153615986 The Great Comet of 1996 1996.03.22. Comet Hyakutake photographed by Noel Munford. 25 second exposure on Fuji Press 800 film. 50mm lens at f/2. The bright star to the left is Arcturus. The head or coma of the comet was magnitude +0 and covered 4 moon diameters. The tail was 16 degrees long in this photo, but was 35 degrees long to the naked eye. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153615987 153615987 The Great Comet of 1996 1996.03.24. Taken near National Park by Noel Munford and Ian Cooper. The comet's head was just above the horizon while the tail was 47 degrees to the naked-eye, it actually went out of this photo. Exposure was 25 seconds on Fuji Press 800, 50mm @ f/2. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153615988 153615988 The Great Comet of 1997 1997.06.06. Comet Hale-Bopp photographed by Russell Burr at Waitarere Beach. Russell's nephew stands on the wreck of the Hydrabad and points at the comet sitting next to Betelgeuse in Orion. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153615989 153615989 The Great Comet of 1997 1997.06.08. Taken with the 30cm f/7 at Manawatu Observatory By Noel Munford & Ian Cooper, 10 minute exposure on Fuji P800. From the beginning of May the comet was backing away from both the sun and earth. It is similar to looking down a shuttle-cock from the sharp end. The fine spine of the anti-tail can clearly be seen below the coma. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153615990 153615990 The Great Comet of 1997 1997.08.01(bottom) & 09(top). Since the June shot in the previous picture the earth moving around on the inside track has created a perspective change. These two shots eight days apart show Comet Hale-Bopp steadily backing away from us and trailing the heavier particles below & behind with the fine spike of the anti-tail coming directly off the coma. Photos by Noel Munford & Ian Cooper. 400mm lens @f/6.3, 15 mins on Fuji P800 from the Manawatu Observatory. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153615991 153615991 Aurora Australis Nov 1998 1998.11.08. The first display of SSC 23! Taken by Ian Cooper at Ahiaruhe east of Carterton. 10 second exposure on Fuji Superia 800. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153615992 153615992 Aurora Australis Feb 1999 1999.02.18. The first colourful display of SSC 23. taken by Ian Cooper at Glen Oroua. 25 seconds on Fuji Superia 400 film, 50mm lens @ f/1.4. The constellation of Ara is in the middle. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153616903 153616903 Aurora Australis Feb 1999 1999.02.18. A staircase curtain captured with the 28mm lens for 30 seconds at f/2.5 looking due south. Pavo is left of centre, Grus is setting beside the power pole and Achernar is top right. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153624218 153624218 The Long Duration Total Lunar Eclipse 2000.07.16. The longest duration Total Lunar Eclipse of our liftimes. This brilliant golden eclipse lasted for 1 hour & 47 minutes, and occurred on the 11th night of a sequence of 17 fine nights in a row! Photo by Noel Munford at mid-totality using his 20cm f/10 Celestron. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153624219 153624219 Aurora Australis August 2000 2000.08.12. Three days after Full Moon these brilliant ray bundles appeared in the south east.Taken with a 50mm lens @ f/1.4, 10 seconds on Fuji NHG II film by Ian Cooper at Glen Oroua. The False Cross is lying on its side to the right while Canopus is bottom left. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153624220 153624220 Aurora Australis August 2000 2000.08.12. These vertical rays, with Volans at the centre, reached up to about 25 degrees in elevation. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153624221 153624221 The Great Binocular Comet of 2002 2002.02.03. Comet C/2000 WM1 (LINEAR). this fine comet graced our morning skies in a similar way to how we saw Comet Halley in March 1986. The htree photos here were taken by Noel Munford and Ian Cooper using a 400mm lens @f/6.3, 15 minute exposures on Fuji 400 film. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153640762 153640762 The Great Binocular Comet of 2002 2002.02.06. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153640763 153640763 The Great Binocular Comet of 2002 2002.02.09. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153640764 153640764 The Great Auroral Storm of March 31st, 2001 8.05 hours U.T. (Universal Time) (8.05 p.m. N.Z.S.T.) Looking east towards Palmerston North (glow at the bottom) from Glen Oroua. The big red beam is part of the Proton or Hydrogen Arc that precedes the green arc further south. Photos by Ian Cooper using a 28mm lens @f/2.8. 30 second exposure on Fuji 400 film. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153641421 153641421 The Great Auroral Storm of March 31st, 2001. 8.07 hrs U.T. Looking due south. The large green beam was overhead in North Canterbury at the same time.This was only the second time that I had seen the green arc lifted above the horizon. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153641422 153641422 The Great Auroral Storm of March 31st, 2001 8.09 hrs U.T. Looking west we see where the green arc and the Proton Arc curl back over the horizon. this was the greatest advance northward of the green arc. Over the next 2.5 hrs this quiescent phase of the aurora receeded southwards before the Auroral Breakup occurred around 10.45 U.T. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153641423 153641423 The Great Auroral Storm of March 31st, 2001 11.43 hrs U.T. A brilliant orange ray bundle was captured with the 50mm lens @f/1.4 in a 10 second exposure. The orange is as a result of the red & green combining. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153641424 153641424 The Great Auroral Storm of March 31st, 2001 13.05 hrs U.T. another sub-storm bursts in to life in the south. This great storm went all night and was seen as far north as Hokianga Harbour. It went on so long that it almost kept going long enough for us to see it the next night! This is probably the most observed aurora in N.Z. history as 80% of the country had clear sky! http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153641425 153641425 Comet & Aurora! 2002.03.04. Comet C 2002 V1 (NEAT) sits between two cabbage trees silhouetted by an unexpected auroral glow on Campion Rd near Tangimoana. This fine little comet reached 3rd magnitude with a 5 degree tail. This is a 10 second exposure with a 50mm lens @ f/1.4 on Fuji 400 film taken by Ian Cooper. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153722278 153722278 Auroral Storm - Nov 6th 2001 Noel Munford stopped by the derelict Opiki swing bridge to capture the sub-visual Proton Arc glowing above the bridge while the main event continues in the south. This storm had been very energetic over the United States but was dying out by the time it arrived here. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153722658 153722658 Auroral Storm - Nov 6th 2001 This is a three minute exposure that enabled Noel to 'paint' the bridge tower with his torch, before the batteries ran out! http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153722659 153722659 Auroral Storm - Nov 6th 2001 Nature does it better! Two rays spring up in this 50mm shot of 10 seconds by Noel http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153722660 153722660 Comet C 2002 T7 (LINEAR) 2004.05.19. The Opiki Bridge makes another foreground appearance beneath the good Comet Linear. Late shining high altitude clouds help to silhouette and highlight the comet somewhat. Photo by Ian Cooper using a 50mm lens for 30 seconds on Fuji Press 800 film. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723195 153723195 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 This shot and the next three are part of a little animation showing the movement of this nice ray bundle from right to left. All photos of this storm are by Ian Cooper. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723646 153723646 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 This sequence was shot with a 50mm lens @ f/1.4 12 second exposures on Fuji Superia 400 film. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723647 153723647 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 The Southern Cross left, and The Pointers on the right are the bright stars in these pictures. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723648 153723648 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 These photos were taken from Whale Road just off State Highway 1 near Carnarvon, Manawatu. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723649 153723649 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 In this 45 second exposure with a 28mm lens we see the green arc starting to rise along with the rayed activity. After this I ran out of film and had to head into town to get some more from the all night supermarket. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723650 153723650 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 Temporary Lake Kairanga! On my way to town I passed these flooded paddocks created by 75mm of rain that had fallen in the previous few days. The Southern Cross and Pointers can be seen reflecting in the shallow waters. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723651 153723651 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 In htese 28mm lens shots the water acts as a good filter to show the true colour of the green arc. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723652 153723652 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 As the earth rortated through the night the tallest rays stuck out above the earth's shadow. The normally red ray tops were bleached 'blue' by the sunlight! http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723653 153723653 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 This is a classical 'staircase' set of rays. Good structure can be seen in the green band at the bottom, which is a very rare thing to see from the lower North Island. The rays start at a height of 100 km's above the earth. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723654 153723654 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 The colour mixture was just staggering even with a gibbous moon in the north. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723655 153723655 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 "The Blue Towers!" I couldn't believe it when the rays rose up to pass beyond my zenith. With the base of the rays being overhead in Dunedin and Queenstown these rays were on the order of 1,000 km's tall and leaning out towards the North Island where they passed over my head! http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723656 153723656 The Great Auroral Storm of Nov 24th, 2001 This photo shows the key stars visible as well as the zenith point, the South Celestial Pole (SCP) and the two Magellanic Clouds. I needed a fish-eye lens! I'll never forget this night for sure. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153723657 153723657 Auroral Sub-Storm Nov 2004 2004.11.08 9.55 hrs U.T. This is two 28mm combined shots @ f/2.8, 30 seconds on Fuji 400 film. Taken by Ian Cooper near Stonehenge Aotearoa east of Carterton in the Wairarapa. This was last aurora for SSC 23 exactly 6 years after the first one and only ten minutes from the same location. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153724498 153724498 The Great Comet of 2007 2007.01.17: Comet C/2006 P1 McNaught. This photo by Noel Munford became Astronomy Picture Of the Day at the A.P.O.D. web site. Noel captured the comet emerging from the evening twilight from the edge of Lake Horowhenua. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802751 153802751 The Great Comet of 2007 2007.01.17. Ian Cooper caught the comet sitting out over the mouth of the Manawatu River from Foxton Beach. The comet's magnitude was about -2.0. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802752 153802752 The Great Comet of 2007 2007.01.17: In this wider shot the comet can be seen reflecting in the shallower waters of the Manawatu River estuary. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802753 153802753 The Great Comet of 2007 2007.01.18. Noel Munford captured the amazing rooster tail that had become more evident as the comet climbed higher out of the twilight the next night. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802754 153802754 The Great Comet of 2007 2007.01.18. On the following night it was obvious that the huge tail was lifting up as the comet continued to round the sun. The whole tail was at its brightest on this night. It was a shame about the clouds. That january was the worst for clouds in the past 84 years! Photo by Ian Cooper at the Stardate site on the Tukituki River near Hastings. 50mm lens at f/2.8, 45 seconds on Fuji P800 film. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802755 153802755 The Great Comet of 2007 2007.01.22. The rooster tail setting amongst the stars of Grus. Taken in the Turakina Valley by Ian Cooper. 50mm lens @ f/2.8. 45 seconds on Fuji P800 film. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802756 153802756 The Great Comet of 2007 2007.01.30. The Comet and the Ghost House! Using the light of the moon 3 days before full, Ian Cooper took this 30 second exposure with a 50mm lens @ f/2.8 on Fuji P800. The Ghost House is a derelict house across the road from Stonehenge Aotearoa, at Ahiaruhe rd east of Carterton. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802757 153802757 The Great Comet of 2007 2007.01.30. This shot is a 12 minute exposure on the Astrograph when it reided at Stonehenge Aotearoa. 50mm lens @f/2.8 on Fuji P800. Ian Cooper has also picked up an auroral glow beneath the comet. A very faint ion (gas) tail can be seen above the synchrone/syndine dust tail. The Small Magellanic Cloud is upper right. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802758 153802758 The Great Comet of 2007 2007.01.30. A 30 second exposure showing Comet McNaught climbing ahead of the morning twilight beside the shop at Stonehenge Aotearoa. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802759 153802759 The Great Comet of 2007 2007.02.06. Comet McNaught took its turn to pose beside the Opiki Swing Bridge. Photo by Ian Cooper using a 50mm lens at f/2, 30 seconds on Fuji P800 film. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802760 153802760 The Great Comet of 2007 2007.02.08. Two nights later Ian Cooper found that Comet McNaught had become stuck in his chimney! http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802761 153802761 Total Lunar Eclipse, August 28th, 2007 2007.08.28. The beautiful T.L.E. shown here was photographed by Noel Munford through his 20cm f/10 Celestron. This eclipse was very similar in colour to the long duration eclipse of July 2000 and another golden eclipse in November 1974. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153802762 153802762 The Great Xmas Comet of 2011 2001.12.21 (U.T.). Comet C/2011 W3 Lovejoy is a member of the famous sungrazing family of comets called the Kreutz Group. Being very small this comet wasn't expected to survive its very close encounter with the sun on Dec 16th, 2011. As this photo shows it not only survived but it developed into a Great Comet just in time for Christmas! The tail was 7 degrees long. There was no head visible, similar to 2 other Kreutz members in the 1880's. Photo by Ian Cooper Canon 10D, 42mm lens @ f/4, 20 seconds on 800 ISO. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153843671 153843671 The Great Xmas Comet of 2011 2011.12.22 (U.T.) On the morning of Dec 23rd Noel Munford stopped beside the Manawatu Marine Boating Club and took this shot of the comet reflecting on the Manawatu River as it rose behind the main range of the Tararuas. Levin is the glow to the right. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153843672 153843672 The Great Xmas Comet of 2011 2011.12.22 (U.T.) On his way home Noel Munford caught the thin crescent moon and the comet rising before the twilight became too bright. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153843673 153843673 The Great Xmas Comet of 2011 2011.12.23 (U.T.) On Christmas Eve morning Ian Cooper obtained this shot of Comet Lovejoy standing tall above the high peaks of the Tararua Ranges near Levin. Canon 10D, 40mm lens @ f/5.6, 30 seconds at 800 ISO. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153843674 153843674 The Great Xmas Comet of 2011 2011.12.24 (U.T.) Christmas Morning from Poplar Rd, Opiki. Noel Munford recorded a superb celestial Christmas present when the tail was at its brightest. the tail was 25 degrees long here and continued to grow over the next month, but also became fainter as it backed away from the sun. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153843675 153843675 The Great Xmas Comet of 2011 2011.12.24 (U.T.) Christmas morning closeup by Noel Munford. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153843676 153843676 The Great Xmas Comet of 2011 2011.12.24 (U.T.) Ian Cooper recorded the comet rising ahead of the oncoming dawn from Poplar Rd. Canon 10D, 35mm lens @ f/4.5, 30 seconds on 800 ISO. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153843677 153843677 The Great Xmas Comet of 2011 2011.12.24 (U.T.) The twilight is brightening but the comet still shines strongly. Photo by Ian Cooper. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153843678 153843678 The Great Xmas Comet of 2011 2011.12.24 (U.T.) The Cabbage trees frame the setting as Comet Lovejoy takes a turn at being the Christmas Star! The comet made its appearance in the dawn at a time of brilliant weather enabling us to see the comet on seven consecutive mornings. Alas that was the end of the golden weather. The rest of the summer was rather dull! Photo by Noel Munford. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=153843679 153843679 Auroral Sub-Storm July 16th, 2012 2012.07.16 12.21 hrs U.T. Taken from Kaiparoro near Eketahuna. The glow of Masterton is on the left. Eta Carina is top centre. Taken with a Canon EOS450D, 35mm lens @ f/4, two 30 second exposure on ISO 1600 overlapping. http://pnastronomy.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=160670613 160670613